He originated the concept of Lebensraum, or “living space,” which relates human groups to the spatial units where they develop. Though Ratzel pointed out the. in the work of Friedrich Ratzel and his formulation of the concept of Lebensraum. The paper argues that the Ratzelian Lebensraum must be viewed as a concept. The concept of Lebensraum—or “living space”—served as a critical component in Renowned German geographer Friedrich Ratzel coined the term in

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After the war he studied briefly at Munich with the naturalist-ethnographer Moritz Wagner, who exerted a strong influence on his subsequent career. These were expressed in Mein Kampfand remained fundamentally the same through the following years. U of Minnesota Press. Goebbels and the Nazi media campaign, p. His father was the head of the household staff of the Grand Duke of Baden, a position highly regarded at the time. So how did this change of approach come about?

Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany. On his return to Europe, Ratzel began a full-time academic career, lecturing on geography at the Technische Hochschulc in Munich.

When carried to extremes their political aspects could he perverted into crude master-race theories, which had a disastrous effect during friedfich rise of Hitler. The Children of Europe in the Nazi Web.

Friedrich Ratzel – Wikipedia

Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets CSS if you are able to do so. Influenced by the American geostrategist, Alfred Thayer Mahan, Ratzel wrote of aspirations for German naval reach, arguing that sea power, unlike land power, was self-sustaining, as the profit from international trade would pay for the merchant marines.

The Politics of Writing Global Space. Ratzel’s writings, especially his concept of Lebensraumwere used in the development of Social Darwinism.


We stop the endless German movement to the south and west, and turn our gaze toward the land in the East. Between and Adolf Hitler developed the belief that Germany required Lebensraum ‘living ratzeo in order to survive.

Hitler and Lebensraum in the East”. Home People Science and Technology Geography: Hitler rejected the restoration of the pre-war borders of Germany as an inadequate half-measure towards reducing purported national overpopulation.

He wrote six large volumes on North Americatreated it in parts of other works, and produced a shorter treatise entitled Das Meet lebensraun Quelled dc Volkergrosse It was commonplace at the time. On the German People and its Territory meant to influence the rank-and-file Hitler Youth about the necessity of Nazi racist practices in obtaining Lebensraum for the German people.


A Century of Geopolitical Thoughteds. He spent six years lebejsraum La Fontaine Gymnasium in Karlsruhe, before being apprenticed at the age of fifteen, to an apothecary at Eichtersheim, a village between Karlsruhe and Heidelberg.

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During the last two decades of the 19th century, Ratzel developed a theory according to which the development of friecrich species, including humans, is primarily determined by their adaptation to geographic circumstances. Haushofer emphasised the ‘extremely unfavourable situation of the Reich from the viewpoint of military geography’ and Germany’s limited resources of food and raw materials, and no doubt thus provided Hitler with an intellectual justification for his views.

As six hundred years ago, the German peasant’s friedricch must be to preserve and increase the German people’s patrimony in their holy mother earth battle against the Slav race. Indeed, an important reason for his decision to invade the Soviet Union in June was his desire to acquire the Lebensraum that he had been seeking for Germany since The Ideological Origins of Nazi Imperialism.

A particularly unjust example led to the Land Day Riots of March but in Agriculture Minister Ariel Sharon stated that lebenraum was a long term plan to settle 2 million Jews in the occupied Territories by At long last, we break off the colonial and commercial policy of the pre—War period and shift to the soil policy of the future. Ratzel continued his work at Leipzig until his sudden death on August 9, in FriedichGermany.

Following Adolf Hitler’s rise to powerLebensraum became an ideological principle of Nazism and provided justification for the German territorial expansion into Central and Eastern Europe.

Friedrich Ratzel – New World Encyclopedia

Idea of ‘Lebensraum’ Between and Adolf Hitler developed the belief that Germany required Lebensraum ‘living space’ in order to survive. Citation needed anent northern France whilst Great Britain would either be annexed or be made a puppet state. It is our duty to place it where we want it to be. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. This was not an original idea of Hitler’s. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.


For friedriich matter, plans for acquiring new territory were much aired in Germany during the First World War.

His early concept of Lebensraum did not consider political or economic expansion, but rather spiritual and racial nationalist expansion. He published his work on political geographyPolitische Geographiein His total output of published work is enormous, consisting of 25 books and shorter works.

An Economic History, — The reply to such questions can only be of an empirical nature. Please try again later.

It is inconceivable that a higher people should painfully exist on a soil too narrow for it, while amorphous masses, which contribute nothing to civilization, occupy infinite tracts of a soil that is one of the richest in the world It stipulated that Germany required a Lebensraum ‘living space’ necessary for its survival and that most of the indigenous populations of Central and Eastern Europe would have to be removed permanently either through mass deportation to Siberiadeath, or enslavement including Polish, Ukrainian, Russian, Czech and other Slavic nations considered non- Aryan.

According to Ratzel, cities are the best places to study people because life is “blended, compressed, and accelerated” in cities, and they bring out the “greatest, best, most typical aspects of people.

Even the unoccupied “rump” Russia appeared—with the conclusion of the German—Soviet Supplementary Treaty, on 28 August —to be in firm, though indirect, dependency on the Reich. His essays on the sites and development of cities and on the hinterlands of seaports in which he defined the areal extent and overlap of the limits in regard to nature, politics, delivery, supply or production, and traffic were the precursors of studies that appeared after Essentially, this involved his study of ‘geopolitics’, that is, the impact of the environment on politics, which provided him with a quasi-scientific justification for the plans he had already worked out.

friefrich AmmerlandLower Saxony. Indeed, it is clear from an interview Hitler gave in December that by then he had decided that an alliance with a Bolshevik Russia was out of the question. Hitler considered Rosenberg an expert on Russia and became equally persuaded of the link between Bolshevism and the Jews. Inhe went to Rapperswil on the Lake of ZurichSwitzerlandwhere he began to study the classics.

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