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The idea here is that sovereignty is first and foremost exercised on a territory and only as a conse- quence on the subjects who populate it.
It does this by systematically working upon mental or physical capacities and building these up into discrete abilities by the continual repetition of complex actions broken down into simple operations. MIT Press, [orig.
From Renaissance to Romanticism New Haven: A second key difference is that whereas the end of sovereignty is the common good, the object of government is the efficient and productive disposition of things. Foucault, Governmentality, and Life Politics. Entailed in this disposal of things is a multiplicity of specific goals: Indeed, for Foucault, governing — that is, the regulation of conduct — is not merely a matter of the government and its institutions but involves a multitude of heterogeneous entities: Part I Colonial Reasons.
Lombroso and the Anatomy of Deviance. Tackles issues of broad interest: Initially, the removal of the bagne overseas claims some status as a reform policy.
The Cultural Logics of Transnationality. Governmentality scholars tend to train a good deal of attention on these programs of government.
Using Foucault’s discussion of the panopticon as his starting point, Redfield explores the “productive failure” of the notorious French penal colony Devil’s Island. Recognizing a potential negative form of governmentality along with its limi- tations complicates our technical imagery of power, reintroducing variation in time and space. Liberalism, Neo-Liberalism, and Rationalities of Government.
Reading these texts with an eye toward the bagne, one gets the sense that Foucault was not particularly interested in French colonies beyond Algeria; French Guiana in particular comes across as lointaine [remote].
This term refers to how advances in biotechnology — such as gene therapy, prenatal testing, and genetic diagnosis — are making it possible for people to improve, and desire to improve, their biological assets and achieve individual perfectibility. It hindered, he maintained, the development of commerce, the movement of voluntary labor, and the development of a press.
Redfield finds that the high prison mortality rate demonstrated that the penal colony failed miserably in its ostensible goal of producing rehabilitated subjects, yet this very failure highlights the ways that ruptures and contingencies in regimes of colonial power still produced modern colonial subjects.
What statuses, capacities, attributes and orientations are assumed of those who exercise authority from politicians and bureaucrats to professionals and therapists and those who are to be governed workers, consumers, pupils and social welfare recipients?
Anthropologies of Modernity: Foucault, Governmentality, and Life Politics – Google Books
To focus on government, then, is to attend, at least on some level, to its problematizations — to the ways intellectuals, policy analysts, psychiatrists, social workers, doctors, and other governmental authorities conceptualize certain ob- jects as problems. Tackles issues of broad interest The essays in this section remedy this neglect through exploring specific ways in which globaliza- tion is reshaping the terrain of government Perry and Maurer Here the deterrent presence of gvoernmentality and anthropologes becomes further refined into the deterrent possibility of their existence; ultimately in modern societies it is individuals who learn to guard themselves.
And where the stories of modernization conceive of this mdoernity as producing an expansion of the range of choice, the expansion of freedom, the problematic with which I am concerned is interested in the reorganization of the terrain in which choice as such is possible, and the political rationality upon which that reorganization depended. Recidivist petty criminals lived in their own separate camps, as did the small number moddrnity political prisoners most famously Alfred Dreyfuswho were not required to work.
What was required instead was first, their fundamental uprooting by means of a broad attack on the conditions that were understood to produce them, and second, their systematic replacement by the inducement of new conditions based on clear, sound, and rational principles.
Anthropologies of Modernity: Foucault, Governmentality, and Life Politics
Foucault, Governmentality, and Life Politics review T. Treats modernity as an ethnographic object by focusing on itsconcrete manifestations. Here biopower centers not on the population per se but on the individual bodies that compose it. For what is important to understand, as I shall try to outline in a moment, is that with anthropologiws formation of the political rationality of the modern colonial state, not only the rules of the political game but the political game pilitics changed13 — not only did the relation of forces between colonizer and colonized change, but so did the mmodernity of the political struggle itself.
One was the breakdown of feudal institutions, which led to the formation of the modern state; the other was the Reformation and Counter-Reformation, which resulted in the spread of religious dissidence.
The experiment was not a success; while many did marry, many also died and few reproduced. For accounts of the penal colony by physicians with direct experi- ence of it see Orgeas and Rousseau Clearly life is at issue in the bagne, and subject to a measure of governance; clearly bodies are targets within the exercise of power it employs.
Part of the point I am making here is the one made many years ago by Eric Stokes in his classic work, The English Utilitarians and India. More specifically, what gets elided is the emergence of a kodernity — that is, modern — antthropologies rationality in which power works not in spite of but through the construction of a subjectivity norma- tively experienced as the source of free will and rational, autonomous agency. Europe, be- tween the early modern sixteenth and the late modern nineteenth centuries, was an arena of profound alterations in flucault languages of the political — the concepts that it depended upon, the technologies that enabled it, the institutional sites through which it operated, the structures that guaranteed it, and the kind of subjectivities it required.
Project MUSE – Anthropologies of Modernity: Foucault, Governmentality, and Life Politics (review)
Reflections on Modern Equipment. Cam- bridge University Press. For a governmnetality discussion of aspects of the transformation of the concept in the nineteenth century, see George W. What thus counts in thinking about governmental power is not simply the state but also all these other actors, organizations, and agencies concerned with exercising authority over the conduct of human beings.
His opening move is to locate the emergence of this art in sixteenth-century Europe.
The sketch I have just given requires some amplification for analysis. Under this ra- tionality, which came to prominence aftercolonial power was no longer directed at extracting wealth.