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April 15, ; Accepted: Amphibian and Reptile Conservation.

Below the 50, km 2 threshold, species were considered to be “micro-endemic”, with subdivisions of between 50, and 20, km 2 being a “confined distribution”, and between 20, and 5, km 2 considered as “marginally distributed”.

Chelonian Research Monographs, 5. Also it has the second-richest turtle fauna in the world after the U. This list was first issued in under Ernesto Zedillo’s government; since then, at least three updates have been published Sedesol, ; Semarnat, Carr for comments on an advanced draft.

The biooogia to these questions should provide a clearer sense of whether including species on imperiled species lists i.

Télécharger livres par Richard B Primack

The subspecies concept and its taxonomic application. La tortuga blanca Dermatemys mawiilas tortugas terrestres Gopherus spp.

Scandals, audits, and fictions: Annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution, and conservation status. Discussion The lack of concordance between the lists issued by the Mexican Government and those issued by international NGO’s and specialist groups such as the IUCN Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group is based on the disarticulation of the Mexican public administration, from the conservaciion available to the decision-making process.

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Social Studies of Science. This area is quite similar to quadrants of 0. To gather and analyze geographic information in order to determine the geographic distribution of each taxon, we used the official records available from the government for all the turtles collected within Mexico. We searched for the imperiled level or al status of each taxon according to the IUCN Red List, CITES appendices, the 25 most endangered freshwater turtles and tortoises, and the protection lists issued by the Mexican Government.

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This indicates that a strategy for conservation of freshwater turtles and tortoises is nonexistent or has never been conceived. The only data lie in the slight change in the number of species included in the list and the number of species that changed to threatened or in extinction risk from to The lack of concordance between the lists issued by the Mexican Government and those issued by international NGO’s and specialist groups such as the IUCN Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group is based on the disarticulation of the Mexican public administration, from the data available to the decision-making process.

Mexican government agencies such as Semarnat Ministry for Environment and Natural ResourcesConabio National Commission for the Study of Biodiversity – a scientific authorityProfepa Federal Attorney for Environmental ProtectionInecc National Institute of Ecology and Climatic Change – a scientific authority and policy makerCNF National Commission of Forestryand DGVS General Directorate of Wildlife – part of Semarnat, and in charge of regulating wildlife management and game are cohservacion charge of listing threatened species, protecting the listed species, designing and developing conservation programs for native species, and removing introduced species Semarnat, Finally, the recent upgrade to biloogia level of Gopherus morafkai Murphy et al.

Around the world, the most important threats for turtle populations are habitat loss, habitat degradation, poaching, introduced species, and subsidized predators Klemens, conservacon The conservation of non-marine turtles in Mexico should be carefully revised and revisited.

We also sum how many records fall in nature reserves federal, state, and municipal around the country.

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Further, we detected a noteworthy discrepancy between international and Mexican conservation priorities for turtle conservation. All of these taxa are endemic with marginal to very restricted distribution areas. We used ArcGIS Table 1 summarizes the equivalence of threats between the two lists. Scientific advice on species at risk: One consequence of these issues is threatened species and their associated conservation problems are attached to the jurisdictional and legal administration within countries, states, municipalities, counties, districts, etc.

Patterns of richness and endemism of the Mexican herpetofauna, a matter of spatial scale?. Research priorities for the next decade. If not, 2 what are conservvacion main discrepancies between the lists, and why? Chelonian Conservation and Biology. We follow Riddle, Ladle, Laurie, and WhittakerTerborgh and Winterand the IUCN b for the species area of occupancy delimitations and we distinguish the following categories: Gopherus morafkai and K.


Chelonian Research Monographs 5. Each hexagon contains km2.

Land and freshwater forms. We set that percentage based on the finding of Harris et al.

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This species has much the same conservation problems as the Mexican tortoises; however, it has been omitted in Conabio’s list of priority species. Molecular phylogenetics of the mud and musk turtle family Kinosternidae. As a general trend, the NOM generally lacks the taxa included in the Red List, meanwhile the Red List is also lacking taxa that should be included according to their status in the NOM and their distribution ranges Table 3.

Compared with other vertebrates such as crocodiles, sea turtles, raptors, parrots, and mammals, freshwater turtles and tortoises have been ignored by conservation efforts in Mexico Conabio, The mean score for Wilson’s EVS was Recently, Ochoa-Ochoa, Campbell, and Flores-Villela tested for different scales in diversity and endemism for the herpetofauna of Mexico, and suggested that fine scales allow recognition of more precise biogeographic patterns.

This information was used to estimate the distribution area.

A call for papers is issued periodically for scholars, non-profit organizations, and research institutions to submit proposals for species to be included in the list. The turtles of Mexico. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles; A single point inside a hexagon was consider a taxon distributed throughout the entire hexagon, then the sum of all the hexagons with records was used as a proxy for the species’ distribution.

We are aware that this approach could obscure disjunct distributions Terborgh and Winter, and overestimate real distribution areas i. Conservation biology of freshwater turtles and tortoises: