The Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and Nuclear Facilities, INFCIRC// Rev.4, provides recommendations for the physical protection of nuclear. physical protection of nuclear material and nuclear facilities infcirc revision 5. English STI/PUB/; (ISBN); 57 pp.; € ; Date. INFCIRC/ has been updated several times, the current version being INFCIRC//Rev Revision 4 is undergoing a major revision, and.
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Knfcirc 5 recognises more flexible fit-for-purpose approaches in security design by allowing for security requirements and systems to be defined on the basis of a DBT or a threat assessment, which is defined as “the evaluation of the threats – based on available intelligence, law enforcement, and open source information – that describes the motivations, intentions, and capabilities of these threats”.
Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) | Treaties & Regimes | NTI
Treaties Treaty making process. The Work Plan from the Summit identified the Convention and its amendment as the only multilateral, legally binding agreement regarding the physical protection of nuclear material in peaceful uses. Under this model, adherence to security standards could still be assessed in bilateral consultations, but assessments would be at the systems-level, rather than the details of implementation.
The provisions contained within the CPPNM are high level and focussed primarily on what nuclear material to protect and what to reportrather than how to protect, and is primarily limited to international transport. Skip to main content. Introduction The subject of nuclear security or, in the parlance of the nuclear industry, physical protection has taken on greater prominence over the last ten years since the terrorist attacks on the United States on 11 September demonstrated the willingness of terrorist groups to escalate to new scales of mass destruction.
Four States became parties to the Convention: The Convention does not apply to nuclear materials used for military purposes or to those used for peaceful purposes but not in international transport. This is ongoing and will comprise several categories of documents in hierarchical strata. Seven States ratified or officially accepted the amendment: In twelve States ratified the Amendment to the CPPNM allowing it to reach the required two thirds necessary to enter into force: The first legally binding instrument dedicated to physical protection was the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material CPPNMwhich was opened for signature in and came into force in The report concluded there was “a clear need to strengthen the international physical protection regime”, and recommended the CPPNM be strengthened through an amendment.
Australia’s economic and commercial diplomacy What is economic and commercial diplomacy? The subject of nuclear security or, in the parlance of the nuclear industry, physical protection has taken on greater prominence over the last ten years since the terrorist attacks on the United States on 11 September demonstrated the willingness of terrorist groups to escalate to new scales of mass destruction. Reservations Several States Parties, including Argentina, Belarus, China, Cuba, Cyprus, France, Guatemala, Indonesia, Israel, Pakistan, Peru, Republic of Korea, Romania, the Russian Federation, South Africa, Spain, and Turkey, declared that they were not bound by the provision of Article 17, paragraph 2, which provides for the submission of disputes to arbitration or their referral to the International Court of Justice in the case of an inability to resolve the dispute on the basis of negotiations between the States Parties.
Eleven States ratified or officially accepted the amendment: Permanent Representative to the United Nations, at press conference, 30 April – usun.
The term nuclear security is used here, rather than physical protection, as the nuclear security series goes beyond protection of nuclear material to inccirc of all radiological materials. It also recommended drafting inccirc resolution for the IAEA General Conference with the aim of strengthening the physical protection regime. Twelve of these Guidelines have been produced, with several others in the drafting stage, and others planned. It is seen as the complement of the CPPNM by going into much more detail on physical protection implementation requirements.
Revision 5 was not all about harmonisation, it was also important to modernise the document to reflect contemporary threats such as terrorism and industry practices.
Countries, economies and regions Select a country, economy or region to find embassies, country briefs, economic fact sheets, trade agreements, aid programs, information on sanctions and more. The following outlines some of the changes that may onfcirc consideration by regulators and operators.
However, while the development of the NSS as a full and structured series of nuclear security guidance documents will be an important tool in guiding operator and regulators and disseminating standards, it is not yet complete. Delegates discussed and exchanged information on safety measures and good safety practices. While no specific improvements were discussed, the conference called upon the Director General to prepare an Action Plan to address nuclear safety issues.
This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents.
About The CPPNM is the only legally binding international agreement focusing on the physical protection of peaceful use nuclear materials. These visits permit several activities, such as: On the whole, its adoption and implementation by most operators and regulators should not require significant effort or changes. Pursuant to Article 2, the Convention applies to nuclear material used for peaceful purposes while in international nuclear transport. The Australia-US bilateral safeguards agreement updated in includes the provision: They urged all States that had not yet done so to ratify the Convention at the earliest possible date.
Travel advice To help Australians avoid difficulties overseas, we maintain travel advisories for more than destinations. Nine States ratified or officially accepted the amendment: The Review Conference unanimously expressed its full support for the Convention and urged all States to take action to become party to the Convention.
Under the chairmanship of Mr. During the meeting, the participants anticipated concluding the draft, but failed to agree on the methodology to incorporate Fundamental Principles of Physical Protection in the draft and the scope of sabotage and question of sanction for its environmental damage related to the international commission.
A variation on this model could be to use a graded approach.
Three States became parties to the Convention: Whether this is critical to the objective of safeguards agreement suppliers to ensure appropriate physical protection standards are applied is a matter for each such state to determine. Dennis Flory, the group adopted a Final Report that recommended the extension of the scope of the CPPNM to cover, inter alia, the physical protection of nuclear material in domestic use, storage and transport, and the protection of nuclear materials and facilities against sabotage.
Visas Visas for Australians travelling overseas Visas to visit Australia. The CPPNM is the only legally binding international agreement focusing on the physical protection of peaceful use nuclear materials.
Five States acceded to the Convention: Once the NSS is completed it should become the standard set of nuclear security guidelines adopted by facilities around the world.