Hälfte des Jahrhunderts in Bologna lebte. Sein Hauptwerk, das Decretum ( oder: Concordia discordantium canonum) entstand vermutlich um Gratian . Law History of canon law. Sources Collections. Compilations. Selections Decretum Gratiani. Concordia discordantium canonum (Gratian, 12th cent.), . Law Law of the Roman Catholic Church. The Holy See Collections. Compilations . Selections Decretum Gratiani. Concordia discordantium canonum (Gratian.

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Gratian’s Decretum

The Decretum quickly became the standard textbook for students of canon law throughout Europe, but it never received any formal official recognition by the papacy. No attempt has been made to distinquish between opening and closing quotes Some cajonum the text has been enclosed between a minus and a plus sign to denote commentary.

It soon became the basic text on which the masters of canon law lectured and commented in the universities. The harmony of the discordant canons. As a general rule his commentary underlines the particular features of the various opinions presented and draws the conclusion to which they lead.

Definition of CONCORDIA DISCORDANTIUM CANONUM • Law Dictionary •

Gratian realized that the auctoritates cited often contradicted one another, and in his commentary he attempted to reconcile these oppositions. Sometimes, especially in the case of well-known and much-quoted canons, the first words are also indicated, e.

The Decretum is a vast compilation that includes about 4, capitula and is divided into three parts. Versuch einer Antwort aus Beobachtungen an D. In most cases, Gratian did not obtain this material from a direct reading of the sources, but rather through intermediate collections. An agreement, or concord. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Gratian did not simply collect texts with rubrics in a skillful manner.


The first part is divided into distinctions distinctionesthe first 20 of which form an introduction to the general principles of canon Law tractatus decretalium ; the remainder constitutes a tractatus ordinandorum, relative to ecclesiastical persons and function.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Keep Exploring Discorantium Angela Merkel. These are the canones; the entire remaining portion, even the summaries of the canons and the chronological indications, are called the maxims or dicta Gratiani.

Moreover, small collections of paleae used to complete the Decretum were found in certain manuscripts dating from the end of the 12th and early 13th centuries. Finally, he attempted to formulate a general conclusion.

Concordia discordantium canonum

This page was last edited on 16 Octoberat The Decretum dealt with the…. In old English law. There is discordantihm discussion as to the origin of Gratian’s treatment of Penance De penitentia and his De consecratione. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.

The Decretum is quoted by indicating the number of the canon and that of the distinction or of the cause and the question. Later on there is found a marginal transcription of the text thus selected, and then the addition into the very dkscordantium of the Decretum.

Gratian tried to harmonize apparently contradictory canons with each other, by discussing different interpretations and deciding on a solution.

Only the Codex Juris Canonici of put it out of use. VI,” refers to the second part, 33rd cause, question 3, distinction VI, canon 1; “c.

Views Read Edit View history. The Decretum of Gratian was composed in the first half of the 12th century by a Camaldolese monk about whom there exists no precise information, except that he was born in Chiusi and resided in the monastery of SS. The Decretum was used in the schools of law from the end of the 12th century, and it rapidly achieved a universal recognition that had not been enjoyed by any previous canonical collection.


A study of the manuscripts has revealed numerous anomalies in the transcription of these two treatises, with the De penitentia appearing in some ancient manuscripts as an addition. It is one of the most important canonical collections in the history of Canon Law, despite the fact that it was never officially adopted as an “authentic” source of Canon Law by papal authority see corpus discorsantium canonici.

Contact our editors with your feedback. There are several major differences between the two recensions:. He was said to have become a monk at Camaldoli and then he taught at the monastery of St.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Corpus Iuris Canonici ; 1. These legalists are known as the decretists.

Collections of glosses were called “gloss apparatus” or Lectura in Decretum see also glossator. Editor Richter, Aemilius Ludwig, ed. Specific concepts included consent for marriage and wrongful intent discordantum determining whether a certain act constituted a crime.