Subdirector de la Carrera de Especialista en Endocrinología Pediátrica, Universidad de Buenos Aires. La criptorquidia es la anomalía genital más común en el recién nacido varón .. alternativas: la cirugía a cielo abierto o la laparoscopia. Acta Pediátrica de México Volumen 27, Núm. 6, noviembre-diciembre, Criptorquidia. Nueva Se analiza qué pacientes requieren cirugía y cuáles Palabras clave: Criptorquidia, testículos, tratamiento hormonal, tratamiento quirúrgico. Revista Mexicana de Cirugía Pediátrica 15 years of age, with criptorquidia inguinal, patients by means of orquidopexia paraescrotal, in a pediatric Hospital.

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On the other hand, another ligament the cranial suspensory ligament CSL sustains the gonad to the posterior abdominal wall.

A history of cryptorchidism: The molecular basis of criptogquidia. Testosterone induces the development of the Wolfian ducts into male gonaducts, and through its metabolite dihydrotestosterone, the differentiation of male external genitalia, between weeks th of gestation. A su vez puede ser uni o bilateral.

Hum Reprod Update In Argentina, there is no data published on the incidence of acquired cryptorchidism. Similar conclusions were reached from the study of Ong et al.

Probably, the problem is multifactorial. Localization, volume and consistency of testes should be registered. Inhibin B is the most important inhibin in males and it reflexes the functional capacity of Sertoli cells. Germ cell development in the descended and cryptorchid testis and the ciruugia of hormonal manipulation.


Sitio Web del Postgrado en Cirugía Pediátrica

It would be very useful to add to the neonatal clinical chart, and to neonatal and pediatric sanitary controls used by parents, the description of the localization of the testes, in order to carry out precocious treatment, as well as to document the acquired cryptorchidism rate in our populations. Testicular US allows for an accurate estimation of testicular volume and internal echogenicity.

However, even though there is an association between cryptorchidism and testicular cancer, only a small proportion of the population develops these two entities in life. In the case of a defect in testosterone synthesis, AMH levels increase significantly, both in the neonatal period and in puberty 8, 9. Epitelio germinal modificado de Ong y col, Pediatr Surg Int,Effectiveness was higher if non-randomized studies were included, as well as retractile testes, low-position testes, pre-scrotal testes or high scrotal testes.

Arch Dis Child Later, Henna et al.

Swiss Med Wkly ; In the group of early orchidopexy, testis showed compensatory growth during follow up, up to 4 years of age. Nine GnRH studies were randomized and could be included in the study, while since only 2 hCG studies were randomized, they were excluded from the meta-analysis.

Acta Paediatr This is the transitory post natal elevation of gonadotropins with consequent stimulation of Leydig cells and increases in serum testosterone. On the other hand, from studies in animals, it has been proposed that the effect of testosterone is indirect, mediated by calcitonin gene related peptide CGRP production in the genitofemoral nerve 5.


A change in paternity rate has been reported only after treatment of bilateral cryptorchidism 15, but pedoatrica after correction of unilateral cryptorchidism Pediatric endocrinologists, by the use of an adequate interrogation of hereditary traits hypogonadism, amenorrhea, etc.

Orchidopexy Paraescrotal in Children with Criptorquidia Inguinal

Finally, inguino-scrotal descent is completed around the 35th week. Determination of serum inhibin B is useful to evaluate the testicular interstitial-tubular function. However, in the majority of instances, it is not possible to establish an etiology. In a first review, Pyorala et al.

criptorquidia cirugia pediatrica pdf

The secretion of AMH increases up to 12 months of age, to subsequently decrease gradually up to puberty, at a time when an inverse correlation with testosterone is established. Otros estudios confirmaron esto. Environmental and genetic causes have been proposed Indian J Pediatr