CULTURA CASTREXA PDF

Galego: Extensión e xeografía da Galiza castrexa, xunto con localización das oppida (elaborado a partir de Rodríguez Corral, J. A Galicia. View Academics in Cultura Castrexa on A cultura castrexa (Historia de Galicia) [Francisco Calo Lourido] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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On the local personal names, less than two hundred are known, [40] many of which are also present either in the Lusitania, or either among the Astures, or among the Celtiberians.

On the role of agency, memory and identity in the construction of space from the Upper Palaeolithic to the Iron Age in Europe. Not only did the number of settlements grow during this period, but cwstrexa their size and density. Supporting the idea, no evidence has been found of any women worshipping at any of the monuments dedicated to Cosus.

Gold, iron, copper, tin and lead were the most common ores mined. Pottery was produced locally in a variety of styles, although wealthier people also possessed imported Mediterranean products. Mining was an integral part of the culture, and it attracted Mediterranean merchants, first Phoenicianslater Carthaginians and Romans.

The second pillar of local economy was animal husbandry. While the use of stone for constructions is an old tradition in the Castro culture, dating from the 1st centuries of the 1st millennium BC, sculpture only castrsxa usual from the 2nd century BC, specially in the southern half of the territory, associated to the oppida.

Cultura castrexa – Picture of Santa Tecla Celtic Village, A Guarda

Decorative motifs include rosettestriskelionsswastikasspiralsinterlacesas well as palm tree, herring bone and string motives, many of which were still carved in Romanesque churches, and are still used today in local folk art and traditional items in Galicia, Portugal and northern Spain.

Andologensi Greeks Interamici Turmodigi Varduli. While the 1st century BCE represents an era of expansion and maturity for the Castro Culture, under Roman influence and with the local economy apparently powered more than hindered by Roman commerce and wars, during the next century the control of Roma became political and military, and for the first time in more than a millennium new unfortified settlements were established in the plains and valleys, at the same time that numerous hill-forts and cities were abandoned.

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There is a cividade toponym in Bragaa citadel established by Augustus, although there are no archaeological findings apart from an ancient parish name and pre-Roman baths.

In coastal areas, fishing and collecting shellfish were important activities: Retrieved from ” https: Under Cultufa influence the tribes or populi apparently ascended to a major role, at the expense of the minor entities.

Pliny also rejected that the Grovii were Celtic, he considered them to have a Greek origin. During the transition of the Bronze to the Iron Age, from the Douro in modern northern Portugal and cultua along the coasts of Galicia [7] until the central regions of Asturias, the settlement in artificially fortified cultuda substituted the old open settlement model.

The worship of these two gods do not overlap but rather complement each other, occupying practically the whole of the western territory of the Iberian Peninsula.

Castro culture – Wikipedia

From a theonymical point of view, this suggest some ethno-cultural differences between the ciltura and inland areas. Head sculptures, Museo de Pontevedra Votive sacrificial bronze, with a cauldron and a torc, Museo de Pontevedra.

Castro style pendant earrings from the “Tesouro Bedoya”, found near Ferrol Galicia. Whilst the onomastic formula among the Celtiberians usually is composed by a first name followed by a patronymic expressed as a genitive, and sometimes a reference to the gensthe Castro people complete name was composed as this:.

Carthaginians Phoenicians Turduli Baetici. Reconstructed hut of a larger family nucleus in the Santa Tegra oppida Galicia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Baths or sauna at Punta dos Prados hill-fort, OrtigueiraGalicia. From the beginning of the first millennium, the network appears to collapsepossibly because culturw Iron Age had outdated the Atlantic tin and bronze products in the Mediterranean region, and the large-scale production of metallic items was reduced to the elaboration of axes and tools, which are still found buried in very large quantities all along the European Atlantic coast.

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Castro desde arriba – Picture of Parque Arqueoloxico Da Cultura Castrexa, Ourense

Votive inscription to Lugus: The Canary Islands were not occupied by the Romans, the peoples of these islands until the arrival of the Castilians were the Guanches.

Retrieved 26 April The deity probably had an association with water, the sky and the earth. Retrieved 2 May Hispania Epigraphica on-line data-base. Over this basis worked a Mediterranean current, bringing filigree, granulate and new type of items considered to be feminine: Votive sacrificial bronze, with a cauldron and a torc, Museo de Castreca. More numerous are the votive inscriptions dedicated to the autochthonous CosusBanduaNabiaand Reue. It is dultura culture associated with the Celtiberiansclosely associated to the western Hallstatt horizon of Central Europe.

Hundreds of Latin inscriptions have survived with dedications to gods and goddesses. The richest pottery was produced in the south, from the Rias Baixas region in Galicia to the Douro, where decoration was frequently stamped and incised into pots and vases.

Castro desde arriba – Picture of Parque Arqueoloxico Da Cultura Castrexa, Ourense – TripAdvisor

These villages were closely related to the open settlements which characterized the first Bronze Age, frequently established near the valleys and the richer agricultural lands. Triskelion of the oppidum of Coeliobriga Galicia.

Hallstatt D, dated by means of its fibulae from to BC Retrieved June 14, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. First, castreza old familiar huts were frequently substituted by groups of family housing, composed generally of one or more huts with hearth, plus round granaries, and elongated or square sheds and workshops. Castro sculpture also reveal that locals carved these figures in wood items, such as chairs, and weaved them into their clothes.