In , our only Souslik was joined by a pair from Edinburgh Zoo. After hibernation, in spring , we were saw the first litter born. Learn more about the European ground squirrel – with amazing European ground squirrel videos, photos and facts on Arkive. Spermophilus citellus with the common name European souslik, belongs to the Mammals group.

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It breeds once yearly.

Soon after emerging there is a scramble amongst the males to gain access to the reproductively active females. The north-western part extends through Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, northern Serbia and western Romania, whilst the south-eastern part extends from eastern Serbia, Macedonia and northern Greece through Bulgaria, southern and western Romania to European Turkey, Moldova and Ukraine. Monitoring is carried out at the national parks Central Balkan and Rila and in the Rhodopes.

The colonies maintain sentinels who whistle at the sight of a predator, bringing the pack scurrying back to safety. It does not settle in arable areas, although it enters them for feeding [2].

The European ground squirrel is endemic to central and southeastern Europe where its range is divided by the Carpathian Mountains. Urbanization and road building have sometimes fragmented communities and prevented recolonisation of empty sites.


The legs are powerful with sharp claws well adapted for digging. The European ground squirrel generally has short yellowish fur but the back is tinged distinctly grey with dense cream spots 2 3. Golden-mantled ground squirrel C. This research will provide crucial data in determining appropriate future conservation measures 1.

This year, the number of Imperial Eagle pairs increased by another one, and after three years without a change in th If alarmed it emits a piercing whistle and when it is out in the open it often sits upright and looks around for predators.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spermophilus citellus. Steppe Semi-arid grassland with few trees. If you are able to help please contact: It is included in the Biological Diversity Act, Annex 2.

European ground squirrel – Regional historical Museum Burgas

Fr En Es Members’ Area. The young reach maturity after the following hibernation, but not all will breed in their first year 3.

European ground squirrel Souzlik status. Secondarily they are found in meadows and fields. That the European souslik is the only European representative of the genus Spermophilus? Vol 15, Mammals IV. Conservation Genetics9: Idaho ground squirrel Spermophilus brunneus. A ground species with a diurnal activity.

It is found throughout the country, in the mountains at altitudes of up to 2 m [1]. It is undoubtedly an important natural element of the steppic grassland ecosystem.


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European ground squirrel

Glossary Endemic A species or taxonomic group that is only found in one particular country or geographic area. X Close Link to this photo Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below. MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite Arkive images and videos and share them with friends.

The main threats are the conversion of grassland and pasture to cultivated fields or to forestry, and the abandonment eurolean grassland and its reversion to unsuitable tall grass meadows and bushy habitats that do not suit the animal.

In common with all ground-dwelling squirrels, it is mostly active during the hours of sunlight, devoting most of its attention to foraging for food.

The European ground squirrel is a colonial animal and is mainly diurnal.

European Souslik, European Ground Squirrel

At the very end coincidence of these factors leads to extinction of local European souslik populations. It has a slender build with a short bushy tail.

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