Tetralogy of Fallot is one of congenital cyanotic heart disease that is mostly found in children. Makalah ini membahas penatalaksanaan gigi dan mulut dalam. Makalah Tetralogy Of Fallot. Tetralogy of fallot merupakan kelainan jantung bawaan. Makalah ini akan membahas mengenai diagnosis dan tatalaksana dari . SA (sFnosis aorta), TGA (transposisi art€ri-aneri besar), dan TF. (Tetralogi Fallot) .r Penyakit janlung bawaan yang paling sering dijumpai adalah defek septum.
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Treat acidosis with sodium bicarbonate, which may reduce the respiratory center stimulating effect of acidosis. Mandi – Cara – Frekuensi – Alat mandi 2.
Administered IV, may be dosed in number of ways and commonly titrated until desired effect obtained.
Konsep-Askep Tetralogi of Fallot
Infants with multiple systemic pulmonary collaterals may develop symptomatic heart failure requiring medical therapy. Program olah raga 2.
They are used to treat heart failure or hepatic, renal, or pulmonary disease when sodium and water retention results in edema or ascites. Prevention There is no known prevention. Failure to consider the diagnosis, especially in a newborn with cyanosisSpecial Concerns: TOF frequently is associated with the following: Significant pulmonic valve regurgitation often occurs regardless of the type of conduit placed between the right ventricle fsllot the pulmonary arteries.
The right ventricle is more muscular than normal and may also be dilated. This provides a calming effect, reduces systemic venous return, and increases SVR.
Individualize dose to patient. Do not provoke the infant by attempting to start an intravenous IV line, especially if not skilled in pediatric IV starts.
First presentation may include poor feeding, fussiness, tachypnea, and agitation. Cuci rambut – Frekuensi – Cara 3. Mengatasi kegawatan yang ada. Produces vasodilation and increases cardiac output. Natural history is determined mainly by the degree of RVOT obstruction. Poor ventricular function may necessitate the use of inotropic medications.
Patients with cyanosis will have significantly limited exercise capacity. Right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, a narrowing at or just below the pulmonary valve. Third, the origin of the aorta is shifted toward the right side of the heart from the left.
Fourth, the muscle in the wall of the right ventricle is thickened and stiffened. Depending on response, administer adult doses at increments of mg, no sooner than h after previous dose, until desired diuresis occurs. Usahakan meningkatkan saturasi oksigen arteriil dengan cara: Darah yang miskin oksigen akan bercampur dengan darah yang kaya oksigen dimana percampuran darah tersebut dialirkan ke seluruh tubuh.
There is anatomic variation between the hearts of individuals with tetralogy of Fallot.
Ablation of cells of the neural crest has been shown to reproduce conotruncal malformations. Most patients who undergo placement of a right ventricle to pulmonary conduit will require one or more conduit replacements, secondary to progressive conduit stenosis or insufficiency.
For excellent patient education resources, visit eMedicine’s Heart Center. Sometimes a preliminary surgery to create increased blood flow to the lungs is done before definitive corrective surgery. At all patient care visits, emphasize the need for bacterial endocarditis prophylaxis. Dyspnea faallot exertion is common.
The lungs are perfused via extensive collaterals from the systemic arteries. Surgical placement of a pulmonic valve may significantly benefit these patients. Only the first two of these defects cause significant trouble or require an operation.
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Tetrallogy of Fallot – [Download PDF]
An ECG, echocardiography, and in some cases cardiac catheterization are performed to determine the extent of the abnormality. It is also a vasodilator. Residual right ventricular hypertension with right ventricular dysfunction from hypoplastic pulmonary arteries may be present. Frekuensi makan 3x x 4.
Tetralogi Fallot – Bahan
Its cause jakalah thought to be due to environmental or genetic factors or a combination. A minority of patients have maka,ah later in life with heart failure or heart rhythm disorders and may require additional surgery or continued medication. Phenylephrine Neo-Synephrine — Strong postsynaptic alphareceptor stimulant with little beta-adrenergic activity; produces vasoconstriction of arterioles, increasing peripheral venous return. Furosemide Lasix — Increases excretion of water by interfering with chloride-binding cotransport system, which in turn inhibits sodium and chloride reabsorption in ascending loop of Henle and distal renal tubule.